What was the first bank

What was the first bank?

A grocer deals in food, a hardware store in household items, and a banker in money. The main business of banks is to lend money and to handle money which has been deposited with them. Of course, banks today provide many more services than just these, but it all has to do with the handling of money.

Ever since man had a kind of money, it has been necessary for someone to hold it for him safely, or to lend him some when he needed it. For example, in ancient Babylon, even before coins had been invented, there were men who made a business of borrowing, lending, and holding money for other people. They might be called bankers, though they were considered moneylenders. Some of that business was in the hands of the priests in the temples, and there were laws that regulated this business. In ancient Greece, there were moneylenders, too. In Roman times, there were already large banks in existence and they carried on business with firms in widely separated parts of the Roman Empire. There were Roman laws that regulated some of the banking methods. So we might say that the first bank came into existence with the first moneylender, and that banks as such go back at least to ancient Roman times.

In medieval times the business of lending money was no longer thought of as lawful. In many places, laws were passed forbidding it. Those who did continue to lend money often had their places of business on benches in the market place. The Italian word for bench is banco, and this is where we get the word “bank.”

In England, the business of holding and lending money was chiefly in the hands of goldsmiths. These trusted craftsmen received people’s money and valuables for safekeeping and in return gave goldsmiths’ receipts. These receipts passed from hand to hand, much as bank notes did later, for people were willing to take them in payment for goods and for debts.

In 1694 a group of businessmen agreed to lend a large sum of money to the English Government in return for permission to establish the Bank of England, which today is one of the greatest financial institutions in the world.

Car Finance Sydney

A car is the most convenient tool of transportation and plays an important role in one’s daily life. You may choose to buy a car by paying the full amount yourself or by getting the car financed by a bank or any other financing institution. The majority of car buyers opt for car finance in Sydney every year.

In case you opt for car finance, it becomes very important for you to conduct proper research before signing the car finance contract. There is a wide range of options available for car finance in Sydney. Before finalizing your car loan, it is wise to spend considerable time in making sure that the interest rate you are being offered and all the terms and conditions of car finance by any Sydney based lending institution suit you.

The most common mistake that Sydney car finance customers generally commit is that they confide themselves to the terms and conditions of a loan. Pondering over the repayment scheme of your car loan is well worth the time. The other issue of car finance in Sydney is that only a few people spend time comparing interest rates on car loans. Only those who make such car finance comparisons realize how the rates can vary and how beneficial comparing interest rates exercise actually is. These are the people who are not able to save considerable amount of money but also get the best car finance deals in Sydney.

While in Sydney, car finance is quite popular amongst the first time car buyers, it is a surprise to most people seeking car finance in Sydney to know the amount of money they can save over the loan period when they opt for a car loan that comes with slightly lower interest rates. Therefore, we recommend conducting a thorough comparison of car finance options in Sydney before visiting any car dealer to identify the best car finance in Sydney tailored to suit your budget.

One will also come across many car dealers who offer their customers in-house car finance in Sydney. These car dealers are known to tempt their potential customers to purchase their new car quickly through easy car finance schemes in Sydney. However, we recommend caution when shopping for car finance in Sydney, particularly through the car dealers as in general, car finance offered by car dealers come with higher interest rates and as such, may not be the best car finance in Sydney.

How To Make Money By Trading In Tennis Matches

TENNIS TRADING SYSTEM

This system exploits the fluctuations in price that occur during a tennis match. There are three things which will have a big impact on the price of the two players.

Break points, or even more of an impact from a confirmed break

Winning a set

Any sign of a player being injured and liable to retire

The price fluctuations are to my eyes out of proportion compared to the actual chances of a player eventually winning or losing the game, and this is where the system comes into its own.

The rules of the system are as follows

Only bet in mens games run by the ATP, where there is in-play betting offered by Betfair. These are easy to find just go into the tennis section of the Betfair site, click on the coupons tab, and then click on ‘Today’s in-play tab’).

Only bet in matches where the price of the favourite is between 1.20 and 1.50, if there are many matches in a day that fit the bill then tighten this to 1.30-1.40.You have to be able to put a bet on the underdog when the match goes in-play so make a note of the start time of the match on the ‘Rules’ tab for the match.

CAUTION – Matches quite often do not start at the stated time, they could get delayed by weather or a previous match overrunning, so you have to be flexible enough to be able to check regularly when the match is likely to start. You can get a clue by studying the order of play and live scores via the internet.

Before the start of play you need to check the prices offered by all your active bookmakers by using Betbrain . You select the book offering the best price for the favourite. You then use my trading spreadsheet (free from my website) to calculate your stakes. Enter the odds for the favourite into cell i6, then calculate your required stake for the underdog, by putting odds into cell h6, gradually altering them until the net profit shown in cell k10 is 15% (or just over).

So now you place your bet on the favourite with the chosen book (which could be Betfair, or any other of your active books), this can be done several hours before the match starts. Then when the game goes in-play you place your bet on the underdog at the calculated trading odds.

I am using a progressive staking plan for this systemFurther details can be found on my website Tennis Gambling Systems

As A Modest Income Earners Can Benefit From Financial Planning Services

There are many of us who live under the impression that only rich people need the services of planners. ” The reasons are usually something that only those rich people have money that is “substantially insufficient” to warrant the services of a professional or a person, to help plan your costs! However, this thinking is informed misunderstanding of what the financial planner really are and what their role is all about.

Financial planning work is not all about helping people “to plan how they spend their money.” In fact, strictly speaking, that is not even one of the things that do not have planner. Financial planning will be more professional, which helps people come up with a good financial objectives, and plans to achieve those objectives. Planning how they will spend their money, of course, prove that the way in which the planner can help them achieve their goals achievement, but it is by no means the main thing that made financial planning. From the planner working on setting financial goals and plans for the attainment of the objectives defined.

When you begin to see financial planning as a professional who can help you formulate your financial goals and establish plans for achieving these objectives, it immediately becomes clear to you that it is in fact modest income people who need more services for financial planners. The assumption here is that rich people have reached most of its financial goals (because of their wealthy status) – and although they still need to service planners to protect and preserve their wealth, it is their humbler colleagues who need these services even more.

The first way in which low-income workers can benefit from financial planning services in a way that there are some good financial objectives of the formulation. While there is nothing wrong with being a low income earner at the time, it would be unfortunate if you find yourself in the same situation ten years down the line. But this is exactly where you’re likely to end up if you do not set financial goals and to implement them.

Another way in which low-income workers can benefit from exploring the service planner – financial planner with – ways to increase their income. Of course, increased income from financial goals, which can only be one, but it is worthy of mention – because income growth tends to be the most bothersome issue of low-income earners.

The third way in which the low-income workers can benefit from financial planning services should be removed when the financial plans for the formulation of achievement. The goal is as a destination: done up your mind that you’re headed there, you will need to work exactly as you get there. Here’s what a financial plan does not exist. It comes after the formulation of financial goals and mainly consisting of (practical) strategies for these goals.

Make academic portfolio more valuable with finance degree online

Have you ever dreamt to work in a top-notch financial firm and earn high salary job? If yes, then don’t waste your time and enroll your name in an online university to earn finance degree. As the businesses are expanding nowadays with fast rate, so finance degree holders are also in demand to handle the finance operation in a prominent way. Finance is the backbone of an origination which helps to make an accurate strategy for an organization and helps to grow it in a right direction.

Academic profile The academic structure of finance degree includes various streams like International Securities, Investment, Capital Markets and Banking, Regulation and Compliance, Corporate Finance, Financial Engineering and others. Finance Degree from online mode is offered by almost all universities at Associate, Bachelor’s, Master’s and doctorate level. Online mode is the best way for the students who don’t get time for the traditional classes. The degree at bachelor’s level will give you opportunity to start your job as a fresher whereas if you have acquired master’s degree in finance degree, then you will get many prestigious positions at higher levels. If you opt for finance specialization at Master’s degree in Business Administration then it would be wise investment for your career, as this professional degree would give you a plenty of job prospects at managerial level.

Some of the popular university which offer finance degree online are listed as below: Walden University University of Phoenix Capella University Kaplan University Florida tech university online Upper Iowa university

Employment opportunities Finance degree from online mode assures reputed job in top-notch financial firms with high paying job. It opens lots of employment opportunities in several sectors like commercial, education, non-commercial, IT, media, public and non-profit organizations. Moreover, aspirants get esteemed positions in different companies as a finance manager, Accountant, financial planner, Auditor, financial analyst, financial advisor, Credit analyst, Chief Financial Officer (CFO), Certified Public Accountant (CPA,) investment banker and others.

Start your business After holding finance degree, you can even start your business and give financial advice to other companies. With your own skill and knowledge of finance operation, you can find out the excellent path and develop your business accordingly. Aspirants can work outstandingly with their dynamic approach and plans to get high Return On investment (ROI) in each financial year.

Conclusion If you are a working professional and want to update your resume, then Finance Degree from online mode is the best way to make your academic profile worth a look. The degree provides you required skills, tools and techniques of financial operation which are essential to make finance strategies for a company.

Pradeep is a educational consultant who provides the information for students and proffessionals . He gives a lots of article like Finance degree online and others . For more information you can visit on this site uiu.edu .

Never Loose A Trade With Fapturbo Forex Robot – The Best Fapturbo

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Small Text Loans- Smart Technology Supports You To Get Instant Money

Instant Confirmation of approval is really a big deal under any conventional money lending alternative of UK finance market. You cannot rely on any orthodox financial support when it comes to get the cash in a quickest fashion. In fact, its various time consuming formalities such as faxing or documentations among others become the cause of delay. So, immediate approval is just like a white elephant to whom lots of people would love to see, but actually it does not exist. But, your desire of getting the money quickly can receive a positive outcome as market has an option in the form of Small text loans.

Just use your finger tips to type the message and send the money lender. It is a starting of registration process. You only need to mention your various personal details such as name, age, address, job profile, salary among others in the sms. It would be enough for you and within few minutes you would receive the sms from money lender and it contains a code which you would have to e-mail to your lender. Following up these simple activities and your registration gets confirmed. The next step is verification under which all your mentioned details are scanned carefully. It really satisfies the business needs of money lender as he cannot take any decision regarding you approval without checking the credibility of these facts. So, it is all in your hands. You do not have to provide anything which does not relate you. It certainly makes your profile impressive and after the assessment money lender transfers the money in your bank account.

The draft of Small text loans is a finest example of brilliant marketing. This is why various money lending companies are dealing under it. After all, who can ignore the liking of common people? If this credit option has become the most vital one for them, then it is not surprising because it secures their comforts variously.

Despite of poor credit history, if defaulters and insolvents can live with the hope of borrowing the money then it has becomes possible due to its flexible and exclusive traits. Under this particular financial help, money lender does not take any decision on the basis of their past. Their current financial status is all what they consider. If they find them worthy towards timey repayment then it becomes a substantial point for the lender to approve their loan.

It Is Now Easier To Get A Wachovia Loan Modification

Frustrated borrowers stuck with the risky and unaffordable Pay Option ARM loans may be getting a break on their applications for a Wachovia loan modification. The recent final approval for the purchase of Wachovia by Wells Fargo Bank may open the door for a more aggressive loan modification program for homeowners facing default on their mortgage loans. Prior to the announcement of the purchase, Wachovia had implemented a beneficial loan workout program that offered their clients a low, step rate loan modification to help them avoid foreclosure and stay in their homes.

However, during the finalization of the Wells Fargo take over, borrowers experienced an extremely uncooperative response when applying for a Wachovia loan modification. The previous program was discontinued, and borrowers were routinely told that Wachovia was not offering any type of loan modification program to needy borrowers. The most a homeowner could hope for was a payment deferral or repayment plan. These two options are short term solutions at best, and not beneficial to the majority of borrowers as a long term solution.

Now that shareholders have given the final approval for the buy out, predictions are that a more aggressive Wachovia loan modification program will be implemented to quickly resolve the high default rate on Pay Option ARM loans written for the majority of Wachovia customers. Wells Fargo $12.7 billion acquisition faces immediate stress as home foreclosures keep rising and unemployment forecasts paint a dim, and lengthy recession threat.

Wells Fargo now owns $482.4 billion dollars in a loan portfolio that will produce $60 billion in losses over the next three years, and about 60% of that will come from the Pay Option Arm mortgages. That is a big incentive to find a cost effective, far reaching and streamlined Wachovia loan modification program to help the lender get those bad loans off their books. Homeowners who have been facing a brick wall may now find that they will have the opportunity to obtain a loan workout to avoid foreclosure and stay in their home.

Borrowers trying to get a Wachovia loan modification will have to be patient and persistent for now. There is no time line in place yet, however homeowners who are actively pursuing a loan workout with Wachovia should stay the course and work within the current system so that they will be in position to move forward as soon as any new program is implemented. Wells Fargo will have to make some tough decisions on how to best write down these loans, but borrowers could see a real benefit as the lender moves forward to clean up the mess they inherited.

How To Make Money On Fiverr As You Wish

Discovering how to make money on Fiverr can be very exciting if you know the right step to take. Fiverr attracts thousands of users on daily basis. You can take the advantage of this to make lots of cash. There’s no limit to the amount you can make on the how to make money on Fiverrmarketplace. All you need is to be ready to succeed. You can discover how to make money on Fiverr if you remain very committed.

How to Make Money on Fiverr – Getting Started

To discover how to make money on Fiverr, you’ve got to start from the scratch. You must be a bona-fide member of the global market place before thinking of making money from it. You need to sign up freely and also have your account activated. You also need to render a service at the marketplace. You can join as a service provider or as a buyer. As a service provider, you must have something to sell. You can sell anything reasonable on the marketplace. In most cases, service providers use their talents to make money on Fiverr. You can work as a writer, web developer, graphic designer, and so on. All you need is tohow to make money on Fiverr create your gigs. You can start with $5 per gig. You can as well increase the price. The quality of your service determines how much you’ll set as your price. You’ll continue to learn how to make money on Fiverr if you keep researching.

How to Make Money on Fiverr – Be an Employer

You can discover how to make money on Fiverr as an employer. Fiverr has thousands of services providers on its network. You can register as an employer to use the services of the providers. You can get lots of tasks done by engaging the best providers. You have to spend time to search for the best providers. You can attract many of them by letting them know about your needs. You’ll continue to discover how to make money on Fiverr as you use the online marketplace.

To succeed in learning how to make money on Fiverr, you need to get yourself updated on regular basis. You have to update your gigs on the network. You also need to have a catchy profile. Remain diligent and set a schedule to succeed. You can move from one level to the other as you work hard on the marketplace.

Top reasons to invest in the stock market

There are a lot of reasons why people may want to invest in the stock market. Here are some of the top reasons why people think that playing the stock market is a great investment strategy:

1. Financial Freedom This is the main reason why most people are interested in the stock market. Some of us are not satisfied with our day jobs and are looking for an escape from the typical 9-5 workday. Others would just like to make some extra money. Investing in stocks can give you that financial freedom. In fact, many traders earn a living from just trading stocks. Day traders buy and sell stocks frequently, buying stocks when the prices are low, and making hefty gains when they sell at high prices. The downside is that as easy as it may sound, it is actually not that easy. There is a risk that you will lose money in the stock market. Not everyone can make money from investing in the stock market, especially if you just speculate. However, with the right amount of dedication and research, you may find yourself making money from investing and giving yourself that financial freedom.

2. Saving for Future/Retirement Instead of actively trading invest in stocks for the long term. This is the passive method of investing, where you buy certain stocks and hold it over time. This strategy is good if you dont have a lot of time on your hands. You still need to monitor your portfolio from time to time but you dont need to actively trade. For example, imagine if you had bought Google or Apple a few years ago and held it until now. Your investment would have skyrocketed without having the need to actively trade.

3. Diversification Investing in stocks is one method to keep a diversified portfolio. This is important because you dont want to keep all your eggs in one basket. Along with investing in bonds, mutual funds, and your 401(k) plan, stocks will help diversify your portfolio further. Diversification will allow you to reduce your risk by allocating your money to different investments. That way if one financial instrument is doing poorly, it wont impact your portfolio as much.

Reasons why people may want to invest in the stock market are not only limited to the ones I have listed above. There are actually many more reasons why others invest in the stock market. For example, some people just like to invest for fun and like the thrill of it.